Guide for Authors
You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Ensure that the following items are present:
- One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
- E-mail address
- Full postal address
- All necessary files have been uploaded:
- Include keywords
- All figures (include relevant captions)
- All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)
- Supplemental files (where applicable)
- Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'
- All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa
- Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).
- Declaration of interest: All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work.
- Please note that to verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service Crossref and plagiarism - similarity checks.
- Submit your article: Please submit your article via http://my.ejmanager.com/sf
- The system automatically converts your files to a single PDF file, which is used in the peer-review process.
- References: There are no strict requirements on reference formatting at submission. References can be in any style or format if the style is consistent. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the article number or pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged.
- Formatting requirements: There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript, for example Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions.
- Peer review: This journal operates a single blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of one independent expert reviewer to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles.
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Material and methods
Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.
A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
- If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B.
- Define abbreviations that are used in the article. mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
- Acknowledgements: Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references
- Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI) If other quantities are mentioned, give their equivalent in SI. You are urged to consult IUGS:
- Math formulae: Please submit math equations as editable text and not as images. • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
- Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
- Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but
- Explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
- Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end.
- Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.
- Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text.
- Authors will be asked to make a payment of N25, 000 publication fees to the journal as soon as their article has been accepted.
- The journal makes articles available online as soon as possible after acceptance and payment.
- A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is allocated, thereby making it fully citable and searchable by title, author name(s) and the full text.
- Articles are finally printed and published in volumes.
- The views expressed or ideas reported in articles published in this Journal are those of the authors. Authors are therefore strictly responsible for any violation of copyrights.